About Neurosurgery

Posted in Health News

Neurosurgery is a highly specialized part of the medical field dedicated to the nervous system, including the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and extra-cranial cerebrovascular system. The field tries to prevent, diagnose, treat, and rehabilitate disorders of these specific body parts. The large majority of neurosurgeons are general practice specialists, focusing on the most common medical problems that arise in this field (such as trauma related emergencies to the nervous system of cerebrovascular emergencies such as strokes).

surgical-instruments-81489_640However, there are specialized areas of the practice, such as vascular and endovascular neurosurgery; stereotactic, functional and epilepsy neurosurgery; oncological neurosurgery; spine neurosurgery; peripheral nerve surgery; and pediatric neurosurgery. Neurosurgeons are some of the most educated professionals in the medical field, comparable to plastic surgeons. For example, in the United States neurosurgeons must complete both the four year undergraduate and four year medical degrees, but must also finish a seven year residency in this specialized area of medical care. If a neurosurgeon decides to focus on one of the specialized areas mentioned above, this typically involves an additional fellowship training period of one to two years.

Surgery on the nervous system involves all levels of invasiveness on the body. There are some relatively minor procedures done to the peripheral extremities of the body, like the hands and feet. Other procedures, like those to treat cerebovascular accidents (otherwise known as strokes) involve cutting on the skull and brain itself.

Neurosurgery is one area of medicine that has benefited greatly from advances in technology, computers and robotics. Not too long ago, surgeons on this medical area had to perform all their work with scalpels, drills, magnifying glasses if necessary, and their bare hands. Nowadays, there are intricate robotic machines that can perform very precise movements at the direction of a physician sitting some distance away. This allows for more accurate movements during any procedure and for quicker recovery time.